Algorithmic Management of Work on Online Labor Platforms: When Matching Meets Control

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Abstract

Online labor platforms (OLPs) can use algorithms along two dimensions: matching and control. While previous research has paid considerable attention to how OLPs optimize matching and accommodate market needs, OLPs can also employ algorithms to monitor and tightly control platform work. In this paper, we examine the nature of platform work on OLPs, and the role of algorithmic management in organizing how such work is conducted. Using a qualitative study of Uber drivers’ perceptions, supplemented by interviews with Uber executives and engineers, we present a grounded theory that captures algorithmic management of work on OLPs. In the context of broad algorithmic control, platform workers experience tensions relating to execution, compensation, and belonging. We show that these tensions trigger market-like and organization-like response behaviors by platform workers. Our research contributes to the emerging literature on OLPs.

Additional Details

Author Mareike Möhlmann, Lior Zalmanson, Ola Henfridsson, and Robert Wayne Gregory
Year Forthcoming
Volume Forthcoming
Issue Forthcoming
Keywords Algorithmic management, control, matching, online labor platforms, meta-organizations, Uber
Page Numbers DOI: 10.25300/MISQ/2021/15333