Peer Privacy Concerns: Conceptualization and Measurement

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Abstract

Privacy needs on today’s Internet differ from the information privacy needs in traditional e-commerce settings due to their focus on interactions among online peers, and not just on transactions with an online vendor. Peer-oriented online interactions have critical implications for an individual’s virtual presence and self-cognition. Yet, existing conceptualizations of internet privacy concerns solely focus on the control of personal information release and on online interactions with online vendors. Drawing on the theory of personal boundaries, this study revisits the theoretical foundation of online privacy and proposes a multidimensional peer privacy concern construct, that focuses on privacy violations from online peers. We term this new construct “peer privacy concern” (PrPC) and define it as the general feeling of being unable to maintain functional personal boundaries in online activities as a result of online peers’ behaviors. This construct consists of four dimensions: (1) a reconceptualization of information privacy concern to also reflect privacy concerns with respect to peers’ handling of self-shared information and with respect to peer-shared information about one’s self; and (2) three new dimensions that tap into the arising privacy needs from virtual interactions (i.e., virtual territory privacy concern and communication privacy concern) as well as from the need to maintain psychological independence (i.e., psychological privacy concern). These new dimensions, which are rooted in the theory of personal boundaries, are prominent privacy needs in online social interactions with peers. However, they are missing from previous privacy concern conceptualizations. Scales for measuring this new construct are developed and empirically validated.

Additional Details

Author Nan (Andy) Zhang, Chong (Alex) Wang, Elena Karahanna, and Yan Xu
Year Forthcoming
Volume Forthcoming
Issue Forthcoming
Keywords Privacy concerns, online peers, personal boundaries, online social networking, scale development
Page Numbers XXX-XXX; DOI: 10.25300/MISQ/2022/14861